Autodesk 3ds Max 2010 software is a full-featured 3D modeling, animation, rendering, and visual effects solution used to produce top-selling games and award-winning film and video content. 3ds Max is renowned for its ready-to-use, template-based character rigging system, robust modeling and texturing toolsets, and unlimited free network rendering with the integrated mental ray software.
Superpack includes:3ds Max, Motion builder, Mudbox, Cleaner, and Toxic.
The award-winning Autodesk® 3ds Max® software is the tool of choice for leaders in the game development, television, film, and digital publishing industries who want a comprehensive 3D modeling, animation, and rendering solution right out of the box.
Now, Autodesk 3ds Max 2010 builds on this success with powerful new toolsets to help you shape your worlds the way you want, manage complex scenes with ease, and take advantage of unprecedented support for software interoperability and pipeline integration.
Innovative Graphite Modeling Toolset
Create models quickly and efficiently with the new Graphite modeling toolset. Graphite takes 3ds Max polygon modeling to a new level by delivering over 100 tools for advanced polygonal modeling and freeform design. Because the Graphite tools are displayed in one central location, it's easy to find the tools you need for the job. With Graphite you can customize the tool display or hide the command panel and model in Expert Mode.
Easily manage complex scenes using the new Material Explorer, a productivity-enhancing toolset that simplifies the way users interact with objects and materials. Use it to quickly browse and replace materials in your scene, and to view material properties and relationships.
Integrated mental mill Technology
Develop, test, and maintain powerful mental mill® shaders and shader graphs?right inside 3ds Max. As the first 3D modeling and animation program to integrate mental mill technology, 3ds Max 2010 gives you real-time visual feedback, enabling even the novice user to create sophisticated, hardware-agnostic shaders.
PFlowAdvanced Particle Effects
Incorporate sophisticated particle effects into your 3ds Max scenes with PFlowAdvanced, a toolset of 12 new operators including precision painting, for manually specifying where particles will emit; and Shape Plus, an enhanced selection of 2D and 3D shapes. PFlowAdvanced also includes a range of utilities and grouping operators, and the PFlowElements library with over 100 element samples created by leaders in the 3D effects industry.
The new Containers toolset in 3ds Max facilitates collaboration and flexible workflows by enabling users to collect multiple objects of a complex scene into a single container. Place related objects?such as sections of a city?in a container and treat them as a single element. To improve scene performance, temporarily unload containers from the viewport display while maintaining their relationships to the scene and reload later when needed?saving memory, increasing viewport performance, and decreasing load and save times. Translate, delete, copy, or save container nodes; use containers to override object properties for scene organization without affecting layer organization (similar to a nested layer workflow); and reference multiple containers created by others into a single scene so users can work together in context. Users can access and edit each other's container, allowing flexible workflows while also imposing constraints on what can be edited.
Take the guesswork out of your final renders with Review 3-a major advancement in viewport display. Review 3 now offers support for ambient occlusion, High Dynamic Range Image (HDRI)-based lighting, soft shadows, hardware anti-aliasing, interactive exposure control, and the revolutionary mental mill shader technology.
xView Mesh Analyzer
Reduce errors in your pipeline with the new xView mesh analyzer technology, a powerful tool with live in-viewport reporting that helps you quickly and efficiently resolve mesh errors, such as overlapping UVs, duplicate faces, and isolated vertices. The xView analyzer speeds the testing of models and maps, and lets you add your own specific tests and queries.
Easily import and export 3D model data between 3ds Max and Autodesk® Mudbox™ software?as well as other third-party 3D digital sculpting applications?with improved OBJ plug-in performance and expanded file-format support. Enhanced features enable you to view OBJ files for texture coordinates and smoothing groups, and choose from options for importing normals, triangulating polygons on import, and saving normal and polygon import presets for future use.
Quickly and intelligently optimize your high-poly-count 3D models. ProOptimizer enables you to precisely control the number of faces or points in your scene or model by removing useful faces last to reduce a selection up to 75 percent without loss of detail. Scenes can be optimized in real time or batch optimized. ProOptimizer technology maintains all UV-texture-channel and vertex-color-channel information, respects the symmetry of models, preserves explicit normals, and gives you the option to protect or exclude object borders.
Sync your audio playback with the viewport and render your track to match the playback speed with the new ProSound multitrack audio system. Add up to 100 audio tracks to your scene and animate the volume of each track; the technology also supports both PCM and compressed audio in AVI and WAV format with up to six output channels.
Global Quality Knobs: mental ray
Quickly dial up or down overall quality settings for shadows, glossy refractions or glossy reflections with global quality knobs along with image anti-aliasing and indirect illumination quality.
Work more efficiently with expanded multiprocessor support. Mesh-display processing algorithms and analytical calculations performed by the new xView mesh analyzer have been multithreaded for increased productivity. These improvements build on the many graphical processing unit (GPU) optimizations of earlier 3ds Max versions to give users a much more responsive viewport experience.
C# and .NET Support
Customize, extend, and integrate 3ds Max 2010 into your existing pipelines with improved support for C# and .NET; a new MAXScript debugger with line-number support helps identify problems in customized scripts.
3ds Max User Interface
Maximize your productivity.
- Gain unmatched productivity through a combination of performance and workflow features, including a fast, high-quality viewport environment, schematic view, multiple coordinate systems, interactive axis constraints, customizable menus and buttons, viewport grips/manipulators, and modeless keyboard entry. Achieve efficiency through streamlined workflows, custom hotkeys and cross-application navigation tools like ViewCube® and SteeringWheels® functionality.
- Use the unique modifier stack for a visual, parametric workflow; any change made in the modifier stack is automatically propagated to the end result. Work nonlinearly on a completed high-resolution character model; revert to the original low-resolution geometry at the bottom of the stack and add details, such as buttons on a shirt or tweaks to the nose. Those changes pass through finishing modifiers (such as smoothing, mapping, and skinning) to appear in the completed character.
- Use a mouse or tablet-based paintbrush interface for object selection and deformation, vertex color, and radiosity touch-up.
Data and Scene Management
Boost productivity and workflow flexibility with external and internal data and scene management features.
- Facilitate the use and transfer of 3ds Max data among file iterations, users, and locations with file management utilities, including project folders, relative paths, repathing tools, asset tracking, Containers, increment on save, auto-backup, resource collector, dynamic texture reloading, and log files.
- Use the Scene Explorer Panel to sort, filter, and search a scene by any object type or property (including metadata) with stackable filtering, sorting, and searching criteria. Save and store multiple explorer instances and link, unlink, rename, hide, freeze, and delete objects regardless of the objects currently selected in the scene. Configure columns to display and edit any object property-a feature that can be extended using MAXScript.
- Manage complex scenes and animations with an intelligent external file-referencing feature for scenes, objects, or materials.
- Work in layers using the Layer Manager to quickly isolate related scene elements.
- Manage source controls for in-use assets with Asset Tracker, a feature tightly integrated with Autodesk® Vault data-management software and compatible with most third-party data-management solutions.
- Transfer building information models from Autodesk® Revit® Architecture building design software into 3ds Max with the Recognize™ scene-loading technology. Use Material Explorer to navigate and manage all rendering-related assets in a scene.
- The addition of the Containers toolset to 3ds Max facilitates collaboration and flexible workflows by enabling users to collect multiple objects into a single container when dealing with complex scenes.
Efficiently create parametric and organic shapes and objects to begin modeling quickly.
- Choose from ready-to-use geometry, including standard and extended primitives; 2D shapes; and architectural elements, such as doors, windows, and stairs.
- Create models quickly and efficiently with the new Graphite modeling toolset. Graphite takes 3ds Max polygon modeling to a new level by delivering over 100 tools for advanced polygonal modeling and freeform design.
- Create compound objects using the Scatter, Connect, Booleans, ShapeMerge, Morph, BlobMesh, Terrain, and Loft operations.
- Convert parametric and compound objects to base geometric types?editable mesh, editable poly, editable patch, or NURBS objects?for more detailed editing.
- Use 2D shapes as a starting point for creating editable splines and spline cages to convert to any 3D geometry type.
Polygon Modeling and Texturing
Use the polygon/tri-mesh architecture to create, edit, and texture mesh models. These models can contain color-per-vertex, mapping, and selection channels and explicit normals, all of which can be animated in the modifier stack.
Polygon Modeling Tools
- Employ creation and editing tools, including create, collapse, attach, bridge, flip, hinge from edge, turn, cut, split, slice, quick slice, wedge, bevel, extrude, chamfer vertex, extrude along a curve, mirror, edge loop, and edge ring.
- Use ProBooleans to reevaluate and optimize the topology of meshes. Quickly fracture geometry into smaller, individual chunks with the ProCutter tool.
- Choose from workflow features, including the Graphite modeling toolset; Preserve UVs, which separate texture coordinates from the polygon vertices to edit the mesh without destroying UV data; subobject selection sets (vertices, edges, and faces), which intelligently convert between different types of selections (edges to vertices); interactive previewing of edits and animated edits; and the ability to change modeling hotkeys and pivots to temporary overrides.
- Use a large range of modeling modifiers to work with geometry and subobject geometry in the modifier stack, including Projection, Edit Normals, Vertex Paint, and those that let you bend, bevel, cap holes, cross section, displace, extrude, and subdivide polygons.
Subdivision Surfaces and Polygon Smoothing
Subdivision methods include NURMS Subdivision, which produces an object similar to a NURBS object; classic, which like MeshSmooth produces three- and four-sided facets; and quad output, which produces only four-sided facets.
- Use MeshSmooth on polygon objects to control the polygon count of the final mesh for render optimization or level of detail.
- Use subdivision surface and polygon smoothing tools?a hierarchical subdivisions surface modifier, MeshSmooth, and TurboSmooth?when modeling with the modifier stack.
- Geometry cleanup and level-of-detail tools enable scene optimization for interactive display.
- ProOptimizer lets the user precisely control the number of faces or points in a scene or model. Useful faces are removed last so that a selection can be reduced up to 75 percent without loss of detail.
Autodesk 3ds Max software offers a wide range of operations for creative texture and planar mapping, including tiling, mirroring, decals, angle, rotate, blur, spline mapping, UV stretching, and relaxation, Remove Distortion, Preserve UV, and UV template image export.
- Paint directly on 3D models in the viewport to create new maps or extend existing ones using brushes, blend modes, fill, clone, and erase.
- Access the streamlined texture workflow for a material/map browser with support for drag-and-drop assignment and hierarchies with thumbnails, and to combine an unlimited number of textures.
- Use UV workflow features including Pelt mapping, which defines custom seams and enables users to unfold UVs according to those seams; copy and paste (of materials, maps, and colors); and quick-mapping (box, cylindrical, and spherical).
- Use up to 99 UV sets for texture layering.
- Use extensive UVW mapping tools to directly manipulate texture mapping coordinates.
- Work in the modifier stack with texture modifiers, including Camera Map, Material Modifier, UVW mapping modifiers, UV Xform, Map Scaler, and Surface Mapper.
- Use the xView Mesh Analyzer to test or query for flipped or overlapping faces, unwelded vertices, missing maps, and object and Material IDs.
- Navigate and manage all rendering-related assets in a scene with the Material Editor.
- See Rendering for more about Shaders/Materials.
Spline/Extended Spline Modeling
Precise spline-based curve and surface construction tools include loft, one- and two-rail sweep, beveling, extrude, filet, cap, offset, lathe, ruled, mirror, and multisided blend.
- Attach, detach, align, stitch together, extend, fillet, or rebuild surfaces with a high degree of control over parameterization and continuity.
- Deform, lathe, normalize spline, set spline render properties, sweep, and trim/extend with spline modifiers when modeling with the modifier stack.
- Choose from a range of modifiers for direct manipulation of subobject geometry, such as Curve CV, Surface CV, and surface.
Benefit from a broad range of tools for keyframe and procedural animation that can be used for almost any parameter in your scene.
- Two keying modes-set key and auto key-offer support for different keyframing workflows.
- Fast and intuitive controls for keyframing including cut, copy, and paste, let the user create animations with ease.
- Animation trajectories can be viewed and edited directly in the viewport.
- A wide range of controllers, both key-based and parametric, may be used to animate the full transform or the position, rotation, or scale of objects.
- Key-based controllers, such as Bezier and TCB, store values and interpolation methods in each key, which can be edited with those controls.
- Animate objects along curves with controls for alignment, banking, velocity, smoothness, and looping, and along surfaces with controls for alignment. Weight path-controlled animation between multiple curves and animate the weight.
- Constrain objects to animate with other objects in many ways-including look at, orientation in different coordinate spaces, and linking at different points in time. These constraints also support animated weighting between more than one target.
- Collapse all resulting constrained animation into standard keyframes for further editing.
- Parametric controllers unique to each controller type store values that affect the animation throughout.
- Users can create procedural animation based on numerous built-in controllers including noise, expressions, waveform, spring, and audio. All resulting procedural animation can be collapsed into standard keyframes for further editing.
Script and Expression Controllers
- Use custom controllers as scripts and expressions.
- Control the animation by any math function as well as by any MAXScript using expressions.
- Control the animation by any relationship describable using MAXScript with scripted controllers.
- Collapse all resulting script or expression-based animation into standard keyframes for further editing.
- Blend multiple animation tracks into a single result using a hierarchy of controllers in a list.
- Use list controllers to store different poses and versions of animation on the same object or objects.
- Weight and animate the influence of each controller in the list over time.
- Set up reactions to make objects respond to the animation of other objects.
- Set up and trigger states for reactions with desired values so the reacting object will be controlled without having to be keyed by hand.
- Wire together one- and two-way relationships between controllers to offer a more custom method of keying animation.
- Implement custom animation controls by wiring UI elements such as sliders and spinners to an object's animatable tracks.
- Control multiple attributes with a single slider.
Track View: Curve Editor and Dope Sheet
- Edit keyframe animation track by track using curves along the timeline to more easily visualize the components of the interpolation. Tools for editing curves include limiting, curve drawing, and curve modifiers.
- Use the Dope Sheet to edit keys individually or in groups and ranges.
- Slide, move, and scale keys or sets of keys in both time and value.
- Edit animation track by track by copying, pasting, and instancing controllers.
- Use Track Sets to organize complex animation into discrete entities for easier editing.
- Precisely control dense animation using soft selection falloff and Reduced Keys that maintain the integrity of the original animation.
- Load sound tracks into Track View for easy synchronization with target animation.
- View animation before and after the current frame to evaluate object motion.
The modifier stack offers animators another procedural approach to animation with the ability to key all modifier parameters.
- Use the Point Cache modifier to save and load surface deformations for easy swapping and fast playback.
- Use the Morpher modifier as an interface for organizing and animating morphing targets and for progressive morphing support.
- Use either the Skin or Physique modifier to achieve precise, smooth control of skeletal deformation as joints are moved, even in challenging areas, such as shoulders.
- Control skin deformation using direct vertex weights, volumes of vertices defined by envelopes, or both.
- Use capabilities such as weight tables, paintable weights, and saving and loading of weights for easy editing and proximity-based transfer between models, providing the accuracy and flexibility needed for complicated characters.
- Apply the rigid bind skinning option to animate low-polygon models or as a diagnostic tool for regular skeleton animation.
- Use additional modifiers, such as Skin Wrap and Skin Morph, to drive meshes with other meshes and make targeted weighting adjustments in tricky areas.
Get the tools you need to animate sophisticated digital characters.
Integrated Biped toolset provides fast, intelligent biped, physique, and crowd- animation functionality.
- Automate the creation of bipedal and quadrupedal character skeletons to allow animation before the biped skeleton has been determined and retarget onto bipeds/quadrupeds of differing structures.
- Use state-of-the-art, intuitive FK/IK blending and powerful IK pivot animation that lets hands and feet roll and rotate around points other than their base pivots.
- Use Xtras to create and animate extraneous biped features via FK chains that can be attached to any point and that are parentable to any biped object and animatable in rotation and position. Apply high-level tools for asset sharing, animation layering, and nonlinear editing.
- Control the physical forces acting on a character with biped spline dynamics tools; use these tools to calculate biped airborne trajectory, knee bend on landing, and overall balance.
- Use Physique to attach skin geometry automatically to a biped or bones hierarchy.
- Use the integrated crowd system to control biped characters or any 3ds Max object using intelligent behavioral interactions, like goal seeking and avoidance.
- Script or write behaviors as C++ plug-ins; move between behaviors based on any scriptable or programmable criteria using cognitive controllers.
Skeletons and Inverse Kinematics (IK)
- Rig characters with custom skeletons using 3ds Max bones, IK solvers, and rigging tools.
- Use all animation tools-including expressions, scripts, list controllers, and wiring-with a set of utilities specific to bones to build rigs of any structure and with custom controls, so users see only the UI necessary to animate their characters.
- Reduce animation time with four powerful plug-in IK solvers: history-independent, which delivers smooth blending between IK and FK animation and uses preferred angles for more control over the positioning of affected bones; history-dependent, for solving within joint limits and creating machine-like animation; limb, for a lightweight two-bone solver optimized for real-time interactivity and ideal for working with character arm or leg; and spline, a flexible animation system with moveable nodes, efficient animation of skeletal chains (such as spines or tails), and easy-to-use twist and roll controls.
Both biped and 3ds Max objects have systems for storing, loading, and retargeting animation assets, enabling artists to reuse content and expand the usefulness of each clip. Though the Biped file format is specific to itself and thereby offers unparalleled power and ease of restructuring and retargeting, it can also contain 3ds Max animation that a biped may depend on.
Export animation data from any object or character to an XML file and then reimport with track-to-track mapping, or, in the case of a character, object-by-object control for retargeting onto characters with different proportions from the original.
Both biped and 3ds Max objects are supported by the nonlinear animation mixer. Store libraries of motions for use with the mixer; apply and retarget motions to single objects, entire characters, or specific sets of objects and tracks within characters.
- Motion Mixer lets users move intelligently between motion clips based on the clip patterns for ultimate smoothness.
- Muting and soloing capabilities provide control over each animation sequence in isolation or in the context of other animations.
Animate both biped and 3ds Max objects in layers, allowing for targeted tweaks on even the densest of animation data without compromising the underlying keyframes.
Use this intuitive interface for collecting, managing, and sharing specific sets of animation controls.
Biped Motion Flow
- Use the Biped clip network interface for setting up transitions between motions and defining a sequence of movements.
- Use Motion Flow with the crowd system to determine the animation behaviors the crowd-driven biped has to choose from.
A powerful copy-and-paste system for storing, sharing, and retrieving poses, postures, and tracks on whole bipeds or sets of objects therein, facilitating animation blocking and hand posing.
A specialized version of the track view is available for editing, analyzing, and modifying biped animation based on high-level criteria such as acceleration, spikes, and noise.
Animate bipedal characters with footstep gizmos that represent and control the placement of IK constraints for locomotion.
- Easily import and retarget motion capture data-both hierarchical and marker-onto both biped and 3ds Max objects.
- Support 3ds Max objects using the HTR and TRC import formats, which can be converted into XML or Biped formats for reuse and retargeting on any character.
- Biped supports BVH and CSM data and has tools for extracting IK constraints, reducing keys on any body part within set tolerances, and defining offsets within the character figure.
Select, model, map, and animate objects and subobjects using the modifier stack.
Move subobject selections up the stack to other modifiers using Mesh Select, Poly Select, Patch Select, and Volume Select.
- Animated deformers add life to creatures, simulate fluidic effects, and work on all geometry types, including particles.
- Modifiers for creating animated deformations include free form, ripple, wave, squeeze, twist, bend, stretch, spherify, noise, displace, skew, and relax.
- World Space modifiers operate at the top of the modifier stack and bind objects to animated world conditions, such as surfaces, forces, fields, and deflections.
Modeling and Mapping
- Edit mesh, poly, patch, and spline modifiers provide base-level geometry editing tools on parametric objects.
- MeshSmooth, TurboSmooth, Subdivide, Tessellate, and HSDS modifiers increase the resolution of objects or subobjects and offer controls specific to each technology.
- Optimize and MultiRes reduce the resolution of objects while maintaining important characteristics.
- UV Map and UV Unwrap add texture coordinate manipulation tools into any object stack.
- Other parametric processes-such as adding custom attributes, capping holes in geometry, painting vertex colors, overriding material IDs, and adjusting surface normals-benefit from modifier stack flexibility.
Add world-space conditions to control the behavior and interactions of all scene objects.
- Space Warps-objects that can be bound to geometry and particles-introduce world-space animation effects.
- Force-based Space Warps, such as wind and gravity, add natural behavior to selections of objects.
- Deflectors contain the animation of objects and particles to enable parametric bouncing and friction.
- Modifier-based Space Warps deform many objects in relation to each other.
- Space Warps included in dynamics simulations enhance physical realism.
Create effects through the dynamic interaction of geometry, including collisions between rigid and soft bodies.
- Create a full range of rigid- and soft-body dynamics simulations with the integrated reactor plug-in, based on the Havok 3.2 solver, and compatible with the 3ds Max Space Warp modifiers.
- Use multiple constraints to create intricate and accurate physical relationships between objects.
- Use simple constraints, such as springs and dashpots, to create realistic dynamic connections between two objects.
- Generate more complex and accurate multiobject simulations with cooperative constraints, such as hinge, car wheel, point-to-point, and rag-doll.
- Facilitate trial-and-error iteration using a real-time simulation window facilitates.
- Write simulation results into 3ds Max PRS keys and opt to add to list controllers or Biped layers to avoid overwriting existing animation.
Rigid-Body Dynamics (Reactor)
- Realistic, high-speed simulations of multiple rigid objects are easy to set up and iterate upon using reactor object collections.
- Detailed control over mass, friction, and elasticity lets the user determine each object's physical characteristics.
Soft-Body Dynamics (Reactor)
- Deformable objects and surfaces can interact with rigid bodies and add secondary motion effects, such as clothing, jiggling fat, and floppy ears.
Use powerful cloth simulation tools to create realistic fabric simulations and tailor-made clothing for characters with the Integrated Cloth Solver.
- Use the integrated cloth-simulation engine to turn almost any 3D object into clothing, or build garments from scratch.
- Use local simulation to drape cloth in real time and initiate a clothing state before setting animation keys.
- Use cloth simulations in conjunction with other 3ds Max dynamic forces, such as Space Warps.
- Animate multiple independent cloth systems with their own objects and forces.
- Cache cloth deformation data to the hard drive to allow for nondestructive iterations and to improve playback performance.
Choose from several preset cloth types and mix fabric types and weights on one garment.
- Supports intuitive stitching of flat clothing patterns similar to traditional garment assembly methods.
- Use real-world patterns, including jackets with collars, vents, and lapels, and pants with cuffs and pockets, as well as loose or tight-fitting clothing styles. Quickly define and stitch seams to construct garments on characters.
- Tailor and customize clothing in the stack-shorten hems, pinch darts, and tighten sleeves-using standard modeling techniques. The cloth-pinching solution addresses the challenge of pinching cloth between two objects, such as under the arm.
- Animate any cloth object to create sails, skins, tents, drapery, and bedding effects.
- Clothing moves, folds, and gathers whenever characters move.
- Use texture maps to create wrinkles, deforming the cloth.
- Apply a variety of cloth constraints for greater control of realistic clothing behavior effects, such as slippery or wet and clingy cloth.
- Tear cloth with variable strength and timing.
- Set collision objects to cut cloth when they collide.
- Create a smooth transition for staged simulations with Inherit Velocity, a tool for blending a new Cloth simulation with one from previous frames.
Cloth-Based Visual Effects
Create inflated, enclosed cloth and cloth-like surfaces, such as cushions or balloons.
View, Edit, and Blend Between Caches
Use multiple cloth caches; blend and interpolate among them.
Control fully integrated particle effects by forces based on real-world physics or by deformers.
Extensible Integrated Particle System
- Seven different particle emitters give artists a wide range of event-driven and non-event-driven particle behaviors, including spray, snow, blizzard, and super spray.
- Particle Flow provides a sophisticated, event-driven particle toolset for designing the behavior of a particle based on a series of defined events.
- Workflow features include script and expression-based control over particle attributes, motion, and dynamics; direct manipulators for interactive control of particles, fields, and emitters; and the ability to have particles controlled by texture values.
- Users can use geometry instancing to place individual objects, or a sequence of objects, onto any particle.
- Intuitive control of particles via geometric shapes makes it easier to precisely place particles.
- Standard 3ds Max deformer modifiers-such as bend, twist, and taper-can be applied and layered for nonphysically based particle effects.
- Collision events can trigger multiple procedural animation effects.
Operators and Tests
- Build particle systems using operators that control particle characteristics, such as emission, speed, geometry, and materials.
- Build particle event systems using tests-which trigger changes in behavior-and spawning based on characteristics such as age, speed, and collision.
- Customize operators and tests using scripts or the particle flow API.
- Bind Space Warps-such as wind, gravity, and vortex-to particle systems and operators to generate world-space conditions.
- Add custom forces via the extensive dynamics API.
PFlowAdanced adds 12 operators to the particle toolkit in the following categories: painting tools, for precise particle placement; Shape Plus, for defining the shape of particles; and Grouping tools, for creating subsets of particles. PFlowAdvanced builds on the previous PFlow functionality while reducing UI complexity.
Multiple Rendering Options
Use multiple renderers, tightly integrated through a consistent rendering interface, to create any 3D modeling effect.
3ds Max Production Renderer
- Fast scanline rendering provides production-quality software renders.
- Raytrace materials and maps create realistic reflections and refractions.
- A full range of effects offer depth of field, motion blur, film grain, hair, fur, and lens-based effects.
- Photometric lighting support allows the use of real-world lighting profiles.
- Plug-ins for volumetric light and fog, as well as for fire, create atomospheric effects.
- Advanced software shader types include anisotropic, metal, and ink 'n paint (for cartoon looks).
- High-quality software particle rendering provides fine control over the assignment of materials to particles.
- mental ray® renderer shading is available for use with conventional 3ds Max materials.
Integrated mental ray Renderer
- Realize significantly shorter render setup times and improved overall usability with the high-level of integration with mental ray; 3ds Max physical Sun/Sky workflow is also available via mental ray.
- Use advanced photorealistic lighting features, such as Global Illumination, caustics, blurry reflections and refractions, ambient occlusion, and motion-blurred particles and contours shading.
- Create custom mental ray shaders.
- Convert light baking of shadows and lights, including Global Illumination and Final Gather, to file textures or to color-per-vertex data.
- Use real-world lighting profiles for rendering or lighting analysis with photometric lighting.
- Directly render fur and hair.
- Use architectural and car-paint shaders for rich, easy-to-use rendering.
- Simplify the lighting of indoor scenes with outdoor lighting and re-creating the lighting of windows, skylights, open doors, and more with Sky Portal.
- Use the ProMaterials™ library for a wide variety of physically based mental ray materials based on manufacturing-supplied data and professional images. Materials include wall paint with glossy or matte finishes, solid glass, and concrete.
- Save memory with support for Proxy Objects.
mental ray Satellite Software
- Contains the same functionality as the integrated mental ray renderer.
- Assists in distributing render jobs over processors located across a network.
- Includes eight licenses with each 3ds Max license, at no additional charge.
VUE File Renderer
- Create VUE files in an editable ASCII format.
Rendering Controls and Effects
Set up and evaluate your scene or create popular effects.
- The multithreaded viewport maximizes productivity and creativity; adaptive degradation technology automatically simplifies the scene display to meet user-defined target frame rates.
- DirectX® application programming interface viewport shading displays materials as they would appear in other real-time applications.
- Provides support for all shader types via MAXScript-including HLSL and Cg shaders-along with shader performance enhancements; works with CgFX files alongside .fx files in the viewport.
- mental images' mental mill® shader language fully integrates with 3ds Max software, vastly simplifying the process of creating hardware-agnostic shaders.
- Get immediate feedback on various render settings using Review. Features include
- Graphical processing unit (GPU)-based, real-time shadow support, including support for self-shadowing and up to 64 lights simultaneously.
- Sun/Sky workflow support with interactive previewing of objects/scenes using the 3ds Max Sun/Sky system.
- Support for mental ray architectural and design material settings.
- Full photometric light support, including support for IES files.
- Support for ambient occlusion, HDRI-based lighting, hardware antialiasing, soft shadows, interactive exposure control, and mental mill shaders.
Reveal™ functionality lets users visualize and manipulate a given region in both the Viewport and the Framebuffer. The rendered image Framebuffer contains a toolset to quickly validate changes by optionally filtering out objects, regions and/or processes to temporarily balance quality versus speed versus completeness.
- Autogenerate regions around selections.
- Reuse temporary Final Gather maps at any time.
Preview window lets the user evaluate lighting and material changes to a scene.
- Output multiple components from any software renderer simultaneously for reassembly in a compositor; output elements include diffuse color, lighting, alpha, reflection, refraction, and shadow. Separately store Z-depth and motion vector data for use in post processes.
- Use a mental ray render element for extracting HDR data from architecture and design materials, and another element to extract user-defined data from a shader tree.
Render to Texture
- Bake each object's material and lighting into new texture maps.
- Supports output per element to allow generation of specific characteristics, such as diffuse color, height, normal, lighting, and mental ray ambient occlusion.
Material Design Workflow
- Use the Material Editor to design and edit simple-to-complex shading hierarchies.
- Material/Map Navigator displays libraries of textures and images or image swatches for easy management and selection.
- Extensive library of 3D procedural maps includes cellular, dent, falloff, marble, noise, particle age, particle motion blur, planet, smoke, stucco, wood, and waves.
- Use Autodesk® Backburner™ render-management software on an unlimited number of networked machines running the same operating system (mental ray excepted).
- Load and save Render Presets that contain settings for active renderers, lighting schemes, and overall render quality; enables studios to share render settings between users, reducing scene setup times and helping maintain consistency across the entire production for most rendering parameters.
Hair and Fur
Easily create hair, fur, and other strand-derived effects with the Hair and Fur modifier.
- Manipulate hair directly in the viewports using Hair selection and styling tools.
- Copy and paste hair from one object to another.
- Derive hair from splines and convert it to splines or meshes.
- Instance any source object as hair strands.
- Use Spline Deform to add splines to a set of hairs that can act as control guides so hairs can be posed, keyed, or assigned a dynamic target, with the hair following.
- Deliver a brush-based interface for the creation of hair and fur styles: directly manipulate control hairs along the contours of an object-individually, in groups, or globally-into any number of styles using traditional transformations (move, rotate, and scale) as well as tools for cutting, brushing, and clumping.
- Add kinks and frizz to hair and animate frequency and speed.
- Save and load more than 10 preset styles.
Render hair directly in the 3ds Max scanline renderer or mental ray.
Dynamics and Collisions
- Hair can collide with polygons or implicit spheres.
- Hair can respond to the dynamic parameters of gravity, stiffness, root holding, and dampening.
- Hair and fur systems can be connected to existing dynamic forces such as Space Warps.
- Add up to 100 audio tracks per animated scene.
- Synchronize audio with the viewport play rate, render to match playback speed, or play backwards and forwards (Ping Pong mode).
- PCM and compressed audio in AVI and WAV format with up to six output channels.
Use an open interface for customizing and scripting 3ds Max.
- Access most features in 3ds Max through scripting.
- Easily extend the user interface and automate operations to perform batch processing.
- Establish live interfaces to external systems through OLE Automation.
- Use the MAXScript ProEditor intelligent interface for working with MAXScript and streamlining the scripting workflow.
- The MaxScript debugger supports the display of line numbers.
3ds Max API/SDK
Unlock the power of the 3ds Max 3D modeling, 3D animation, and rendering software architecture for programmers.
Direct Access to Functionality
- Extend 3ds Max software with direct access to functionality.
- Create any type of geometry, including triangle-based meshes, splines, NURBS, and other geometric forms; create procedural geometry and parameter controls in the command panel.
- Develop new object modifiers that alter entire objects, or aspects of objects, such as texture coordinates and material assignments; implement Edit Modifiers to enable editing of specific object types.
- Implement Space Warps-object modifiers that affect objects in world space.
- Create controllers for animation data of various types.
- Create new systems that combine items such as procedural objects, controllers, modifiers, and Space Warps.
- Develop new materials, shaders, and textures.
- Write image-processing plug-ins that implement different types of filters.
- Increase the software's file-type support with file import/export and image loading/saving plug-ins; develop plug-in renderers, antialiasing filters, and rendering effects plug-ins.
- Implement modal utilities, such as 3D paint.
- Access mental ray data via the mental ray for 3ds Max SDK.
- Access Biped and Particle Flow through separate interfaces.
- Use 3ds Max Data Exchange Interface (3DXI)-a streamlined interface fine-tuned for game developers-to efficiently transfer 3ds Max data into a game engine.
Autodesk 3ds Max SDK Help, available with Visual Studio integration, includes the following:
- 3ds Max Programmer's Guide and SDK Reference 3DXI Programming Guide
- Particle Flow Reference
- mental ray Programmer's Guide
- Biped Programmer's Guide and Reference
- MAXScript Programmer's Guide
- Sample source code with project files and a Visual Studio wizard for generating plug-in projects from templates.
Connectivity and Integration
Implement tools for integrating 3ds Max content into production pipelines.
- Facilitate team management of complex scenes and animations with xref?an intelligent, external file-referencing feature for scenes, objects, or materials.
- Manage absolute and relative file paths (for all asset types, including xrefs), or assign new paths, to keep external references intact when artists share files.
- Utilize source control management for in-use assets through Asset Tracker, a feature closely integrated with Autodesk Vault data-management software.
- The Autodesk® FBX® software platform-independent 3D authoring and interchange format provides access to 3D content from most 3D vendors and platforms. The FBX file format supports all major 3D data elements, as well as 2D, audio, and video media elements.
- Use the free, downloadable FBX plug-in to integrate 3ds Max into production pipelines-with data integrity safeguarded.
- Ongoing plug-in updates make it easy to transfer files between 3ds Max and applications such as Autodesk® Maya® and Autodesk® MotionBuilder® software.
Integration with Autodesk Mudbox
Extensive support for the OBJ file format supports pipelines that rely on both 3ds Max and Autodesk® Mudbox™ software. This support includes
- Display of texture coordinates and smoothing groups
- Options for triangulating polygons on import, choosing how normals are imported, and saving presets for normal and polygon import
Integration with Revit Architecture
- Quickly and accurately import building information models into 3ds Max and then rapidly manipulate in the viewport.
- Quickly and accurately transfer Revit® Architecture software scene data?geometry, cameras, lights and materials?into 3ds Max with the FBX-based Recognize scene-loading technology.
Integration with Autodesk Vault
- The Autodesk Vault plug-in, which ships with 3ds Max, consolidates 3ds Max assets in a single location, enabling you to automatically track files and manage work in progress.
- Easily and safely share, find, and reuse 3ds Max assets in a large-scale production or visualization environment.
Autodesk Combustion Integration
- Live integration with Autodesk® Combustion® compositing software via the Material Editor enables you to use in-progress composites as texture maps.
- The RPF bitmap format contains channels for 3D data-such as Z-depth, material IDs, UV coordinates, and velocity-that Combustion software uses to better delineate data for compositing.
Autodesk Toxik Integration
- Integration with the Autodesk® Toxik™ compositing software lets you quickly composite scene elements, including HDR-rendered elements, in a collaborative setting.
- Support for a streamlined content creation/compositing workflow eliminates the need to rerender scenes if lighting intensity is incorrect or a layer needs a perspective change.
Adobe Photoshop Integration
Import Adobe® Photoshop® software PSD files as texture maps using the entire composited image or individual layers. The Viewport Canvas offers support for Photoshop blending modes and quick updating of textures on 3ds Max models.
Adobe Illustrator Object Nodes
Import Adobe® Illustrator® software vector elements as either curves or groups.
The embedded Asset Browser lets the user view web pages and quickly drag supported geometry and bitmap texture files into a scene.
Supported Scene Import Formats
3DS, AI, DDF, DEM, DWG, DXF™ file format, HTR, IAM, IGES, IPT, FLT, LP, LS, MTL, OBJ, PRJ, SHP, STL, TRC, VW, WRL, WRZ.
Supported Scene Export Formats
3DS, AI, ASE, ATR, BLK, DF, DWF™ file format, DWG, DXF, HTR, IGES, LAY, LP, M3G, MTL, OBJ, STL, VW, WRL.
Supported Texture Import Formats
AVI, BMP, CIN, CWS, DDS, EXR, GIF, HDR, ICB, IFL, JPEG, MPEG, MOV, PIC, PNG, PSD, RGB, RLA, RPF, SGI, TGA, TIF, VDA, VST, YUV.
Supported Bitmap Output Formats
AVI, BMP, CIN, DDS, EPS, EXR, HDR, ICB, JPEG, MOV, PIC, PNG, PS, RGB, RLA, RPF, SGI, TGS, TIF, VDA, VST, VUE. Some formats applicable to certain renderers only.
Visit the Autodesk Developer Network (ADN) Sparks site for an extensive list of third-party plug-ins for 3ds Max software.